Wednesday, November 18, 2015

4/5SL- Significant Event Research

During Term 4, students have been introduced to the new library interface Oliver. They have used Oliver and its features of' Federated Search' and 'Other Providers' to complete a research task.

Sink Holes            Water on Mars                 Ice Age              Moon Landing

Water on Mars              Holden Closing Down                       Water on Mars 

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Book Character Parade 2015

Wow! How great were the costumes, again. Thanks to all the parents and students who put in the effort to be a part of this fun day. Great to see the excited faces and enthusiasm during Book Week.
Check out the characters.
 Book Character Parade 2015

Sunday, August 9, 2015

4/5SL Chinese Beliefs and Customs

Chinese ArtsChinese Arts

Chinese Customs

Chinese New Year
A traditional Chinese dragon winds its way through the streets of Turfan in the Xinjiang.
New Year is celebrated with great enthusiasm in London’s Soho –one of the centres of the Chinese –speaking community in Britain.

These colourful floats form part of the Singapore annual Chin gay parade. Lanterns of all imaginable shapes and sizes are displayed.

People worship at Temple and bring offerings to the gods whilst lighting incense for Chinese New Year. They hope that their offerings and prayers will ensure harmony with the gods and bring good fortune in the coming year

Stilt walking is a favourite entertainment at New Year. There are many different types of stilt displays, some highly energetic, some, like these stilt walkers, calm and beautiful. The name, Yangge or seedling song, come from the songs song by peasants planting rice seedlings. These performers from the Heilongjiang province, china, dress up as characters from traditional stories.

Ghost Festival
Some Chinese people believe that in the seventh lunar month, the giant gates of the underworld open. Ghosts who have been trapped are released to visit the living. The night before the rituals, lanterns are lit in the temples and released on the water, so the ghosts can be guided to the ceremonies. People prepare offering of food for the hungry ghosts, and burn paper money for them to take back to the underworld.

The dragon boat festival
The dragon boat festival is a 2000 year old tradition. The now occurs on the 5th day of the 5th month of the traditional lunar calendar.

Family Life


Tuesday, August 4, 2015

5MC Nationally Remembered Days


The date of Anzac day is April 25

The day is about the war between Turks and Australia and New Zealand.

On the 25th of April the way that Australia  celebrates is that 10s of 1000s of people stand motionless in the darkness to remember their fallen countrymen and women as they mark the anniversary of the landing on Gallipoli in 1915.

We celebrate with a quick 1 minute of silence to remember the soldiers who fought in the war. Past soldiers march around the town square while observers acknowledge there that they protected our country. Some of us celebrate by staying at home or doing something with the family.     

Remembrance Day      

On the 11th hour of the 11th day in the 11th month everyone stops and remembers the people who died at war, particularly the First Wold war.
At 11am on11november 1918, the guns on the Western Front fell silent after more than four years of continuous warfare. The allied armies had driven the German invaders back, having inflicted heavy defeats upon them over the preceding four months.
Australians traditionally have a ceremony to remember all the people who went and defended their country at war. Also we respect them by having one minute of silence to remember who dedicated their lives at war for our country P.S Remembrance Day it is also Shayla’s birthday
The best way to relay the concepts of remembrance and commemorate is by telling simple stories and using visual material such as photographs and artefacts including slouch hacks and the like.
Australia Day 
Australia day is the official national day of Australia. The national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country. Australia’s national day of celebrations is a day for all Australians to celebrate what’s great about Australia and being Australian.
National Aboriginal and Islander day is a day for Aboriginal and Islander people to celebrate their survival as Australia’s first people, their contribution to Australia’s  ongoing history and their achievements as modern Australia’s. The original one-day celebrations which stated in 1957, has now been extended into national celebration.
NAIDOC Week celebrations are held across Australia each July to celebrate the history, culture and achievements of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. NAIDOC is celebrated not only in Indigenous communities, but by Australians from all walks of life. The week is a great opportunity to participate in a range of activities and to support your local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.
NAIDOC originally stood for ‘National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee’. This committee was once responsible for organising national activities during NAIDOC Week and its acronym has since become the name of the week itself. Find out more about the origins and history of NAIDOC Week.
Local community celebrations during NAIDOC Week are encouraged and often organised by communities, government agencies, local councils, schools and workplaces NAIDOC promotes the first Sunday in July as a day to draw the attention of Australians to aboriginal and islanders people.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015

5KB Kosciusko National Park

Corroboree frog


The corroboree frog has black and yellow stripes, no corroboree frog has the same pattern of stripes. The corroboree frogs legs are  short causing them to crawl instead of leaping, the corroboree frog is at least 24 to 31 mm.

The corroboree frog lives in the Kosciusko National Park, it lives among the sphagnum moss in alpine bogs. The corroboree frog hibernates in burrows under the snow in winter. The favoured habitat of the corroboree frog is in moss or in shallow streams.


The corroboree frog eat ants, mites, millipedes, slaters and other also eats wasps, flies, spiders and snails. The corroboree frog shoots out its long sticky tongue to catch its prey.
Predators The corroboree frog’s predators are snakes, birds, fresh water turtles, cane toads and big bugs. big frogs also eat littler frogs.
The corroboree frogs are the first vertebrates discovered that are able to produce their own poisonous fluids as opposed to obtaining its via diet as many other frogs do. It has been described as a potentially lethal weapon if swallowed. Also humans because humans use the venom in darts. To protect its self the corroboree frog head buts its attackers.  
Bogong moths
Bogong moths live in rainforests in Mount Kosciuszko national park. They eat a variety of plants including introduced crops and flowers juice. The large Bogong moth is found throughout most of southeast Australia.
In spring and early summer, millions of moths across New South Wales begin to migrate to the mountains and high plains that lie between Victoria and New South Wales. The moths, called Bogongs by the local Aboriginal people, cluster on the rocky heights and caves in their millions
The moths were a food source for Aboriginal people. The people in the surrounding areas were called together to share in the feast. Large numbers of people could feed on the moths for many days.
The moths cluster in heaps, and a large number at a time were easily swept into a bag or dark dish. After being lightly roasted, the burnt wings were brushed away, the head pinched off, and the body eaten.
The caves in Mount Kosciuszko are very big especially the South Glory. There is a belt of limestone put in one of the caves 440 million years ago. The caves there are very cold there is also a thermal pool in the cave. South Glory cave is a self-guided cave, with ramps.
Glacier Lakes
The blue lake is located on the main range in Kosciuszko National Park. In 1996 the areas biological significance was recognised when a 320 ha area, comprising the lake and its surrounding and including nearby Hedley Tarn, was designated Ramsar site 800 under the Ramsar convention on wetlands. Here we recognised its geological significance as one of only four cirque lakes on mainland Australia. Features such as cirque lakes and moraines are formed by glaciers.
Mount Pygmy possum
The Mount Pygmy Possum is the only hibernating marsupial. Their head size is 88.5mm and there tail length is 83.5mm and their weight is 14g.
The mount pygmy possum’s identification is that this smaller than the Eastern Pygmy Possum.It is pale fawn or reddish brown above, and whitish below.
The Mount Pygmy Possum is a solitary animal, curling up in a tiny ball when asleep and allowing its body temperature to drop so that it functions more slowly. At night, when it’s fully awake, it darts quickly among the small branches, looking for nectar and insects. It uses its prehensile tail as a fifth limb to help it clamber around.


Monday, July 27, 2015

5/6HA Research Task- Kokoda

Group 1-

The Kokoda track is a 96km trail which cuts across the Owen Stanley Range in Papua New Guinea. Research the track’s war history.

The Kokoda track was used by both Australian and Japanese in WWII during 1939-1945 in Papua New Guinea. Kokoda was the bloodiest battle of all. It is 96km long with almost vertical hills. One of the most famous places is brigade hill. Papua new guinea was divided into 3 pieces (areas). Australia landed at Port Moresby and the Japs at Basabua Buna. Australia had an army of untrained soldiers whilst the Japanese had the world’s greatest army. The first conflict between the 2 countries were 65km north-east of Port Moresby at Awala. More than 600 Aussies were killed and 1680 were wounded during the most significant battle fought by Australians in World War II. In late July 1942 as the Japanese advanced towards the village of Kokoda. They were engaged by forward elements of the Papuan infantry battalion and the Australian 39th infantry battalion. Despite the Australians’ stubborn resistance Kokoda fell to the larger Japanese force. At Isurava , in the last days of August the 39th and the 2nd / 14th battalions with support further back from the 2nd / to the 16th and the 53rd battalions, were able to temporarily hold the Japanese during the intense five day action. Throughout September the Australian units withdrew down the Kokoda track, being joined by the 2nd/27th battalion. They made further stands against the Japanese at Eora creek, Templetons crossing, Efogi,   mission ridge Isurava. Allied airmen dropped supplies and made repeated attacks on the enemy’s supply lines. During the gruelling days, the Papuan men employed as carriers played a vital role in the battle. They carried supplies forward for the troops and then as the number of troops who were wounded or felt sick increased, carried back to safety those who were unable to walk. By the 16th of September, often more troops had come forward from port Moresby and dug into a distinctive position at Imita Ridge the Japanese were exhausted. They had been force to fight hard to cross the mountains and they had run out of many supplies. Following set backs on other battle fields against Australia and America forces, which robbed them of further reinforcements, the Japanese on the Kokoda track were ordered to with draw battle. As Australian patrols pushed forward on Imita ridge on the 28th of September they found that the enemy had slipped away. During the next six weeks, the Japanese fell back over the mountains. They were punished by the troops of the 25th brigade comprising the 2nd / 26th /2nd /31st and 2nd /33rd battalions- and the 16th brigade.


Group 2-

Find out about the people living in the villages along the track today. Why was the village of Kokoda strategically important?
People along the track
The Kokoda Track
People along the village

The KOKODA village was strategically important during World War II because the village had a run way where the enemy air craft could land to bring supplies for the enemy soldiers. Also if they captured that village they could use it as a land base.

Most of the people who live in the villages along the track are seventh day Adventists at some villages if you wash or swim in a nearby creek please observe the directions of the track leader there may be different areas for males and females. Koiari people inhabit areas between foothills of the Owen Stanley Range east of Port Morsey .Orokavia people mainly live in areas between Kokoda and beach heads.

 Group 4-

What was the difference between the AIF and militia soldiers? Wht were thw militia called 'Chocos'?How did their image change after the battles of Kokoda and Isurava?
There were many differences between the AIF and the militia soldiers. Firstly the militia soldiers (also known as Chocos) were untrained and were inexperienced in the battle field. The only reason they fought in the war was because Australia’s army were occupied in Europe and were under the commands of Winston Churchill.  
The militia units were so unprepared for battle, so ill-equipped and so inexperienced, that soldiers in the regular army gave them the nickname CHOCOLATE SOLDIERS because they were likely to melt in the heat of the war. Most of the militia units were everyday people working in schools etc. Their job Was to hold off the Japanese army until the Australian troops arrived.
The chocos images change because of their bravery to go to war, when they were not even trained to be soldiers. They went from ordinary men to men of valour. The people of Australia thought they were cowards until the war in Papua New Guinea where they held back the Japanese soldiers long enough for the armed forces to arrive. With the Australian troops they force back the Japanese. The small number of militiamen that came back were respected by their fellow people.

Group 5-

Find out about the 39th Battalion. Who was Private Bruce Kingsbury? How did his actions change the course of the war?
Kokoda Reasearch -  Brice Kingsbury and the 39th      battalion.
39th battalion
The 39th Battalian  was formed on the 21st Feburary 1916. Most of the recruits were from the state’s Western District. It became part of the 10th brigade of the 3rd Australian Division sailing from Melbourne on 27 of May. The battalion arrived in Britain on the 18th of July and started 4 months of training. It moved to France in late November and went into the trenches at the western front just in time for the onset of the terrible winter of 1916-1917.
Bruce Kingsbury
Private Bruce Steel Kingsbury VC  was born in Preston just outside of Melbourne on the 8th of January 1918. The son of Phillip Blencowe Kingsbury and Florance Annie Steel. Who immigrated from the U.K prior to the end of world war 1. Bruce attended Melboune Technical Collage on a scholarship and after gradguation qualified to work in the printing industries. Instead Bruce decided to go to work in father’s real estate business, unhappy with this job and the companionship of his best mate (Alen Avery), Bruce found work on a property at Ntya situated in the Mally District of Victoria. His new job was working on a sheep station.
The PNG war
In August 1942 the 2/14th battalion moved to Port Moresby, hoping to halt the Japanese on the Kokoda trail. Kingsbury’s platoon had been holding a position for two days against countinual enemy attacks and servere loses when he made the heroic attack– he ran down the Isurava hill firing a bren gun from his hip whilst hand throwing grenades continuosly. Unfourtunately he was shot and killed by a  Japanese sniper. He killed up to 30 Japanese soldiers and injuring many more. His actions gave the Australian soldiers time to recoup and return to their positions. There is a rock named Kingsbury’s rock—it is the rock he died next to.

Group 6-

Find out about other battlesites where Australians have fought during this war.
The fighting against a Japanese invasion force, was perhaps the most significant battle fought by Australians in World War II.
The Japanese landed near Gona on the north coast of Papua on 21 July 1942. In the next two months they drove the Australians and their Papuan allies back over the mountains towards Port Moresby, the Japanese objective. Port Moresby was vital to the defence of Australia. If they took Port Moresby the Japanese planned to begin a bombing offensive against north Queensland and, had they decided to invade Australia, the invasion would have been launched from Port Moresby. None of this came to pass. The Japanese approached to within 40 kilometres of their objective but the tide turned in September. Then the Australians, in a series of costly engagements, pushed the Japanese back the way they had come. By mid-November the Japanese were forced to abandon their plan to take Port Moresby. They retired to their north coast strongholds at Buna, Gona and Santana.
       The Borneo Campaign of 1945 was the last major allied campaign in the south west pacific area during World War 2. In a series of amphibious assaults between 1st of May and 21st of July, the Australian I corps, under lieutenant general Leslie Morehead, attacked Japanese Forces occupying the island. Allied Naval and air forces centred on the US. 7th fleet under admire led Thomas Kinkaid, the Australian first tactical air force and the US
·      The Japanese had planned to take Port Moresby by a sea borne assault. Their invasion armada was halted and turn back after a tumultuous naval and aircraft battle in the Coral Sea in early May 1942. Thwarted in their attempts to take Port Moresby by sea, the Japanese opted to go over land from the northern coastline. In their way soothe daunting bulk of the jungle-covered Owen Stanley ranges.
       But first the Japanese decided to destroy the allied forces assembling at Milne bay on the eastern tip of Papua, where American engineers, protected by Australian AIF and Militia units, were constructing an airfield. On the 25th august 1942 Japanese troops and light tanks were landed on the northern shore of the bay.
Kokoda track
More than 600 Australians were killed and some 1680 wounded during perhaps the most significant battle fought by Australians in WW2

Borneo Campaign

Milne Bay



Monday, July 13, 2015


Welcome to 2015

2015 finds the library with a new operating system, Oliver. Students can use Oliver to search and reserve resources as well as check their current and previous loans. Students need to login through the Student portal to check their loans.

 The program Orbit, allows for student to pick and click picture to assist with searching for resources. Check it out and have a play.

Don't forget to finish logging the books you read into the Premier's Reading Challenge website. Again you need to use your portal login to access your account. The challenge concludes 21st July, 2015.